The apprenticeship crisis tarnishes the joy of the upturn in the labor market

Nuremberg (dpa) – The economy is particularly strong in services, the autumn recovery on the labor market continues, the number of employees subject to social security contributions is higher than ever: Despite such positive signals, the chief executive of the Federal Employment Agency is not Completely satisfied.

“Not all people can benefit from it in the same way,” complained Detlef Scheele on Thursday in Nuremberg.

Scheele means people without completed vocational training who would find it particularly difficult to return to a job after the Corona crisis. And he means school leavers who are still waiting for an apprenticeship. The mediators of the training year 2021 did badly: fewer training exchanges due to the pandemic, more difficult access for career counselors to schools, fewer internships.

«Despite a brightening, the results are still very much behind those before the pandemic is back and we continue to face major challenges, ”said Scheele. In the past twelve months, the job centers and the employment agencies 511 300 have been notified of apprenticeships, 19 000 less than in the same period of the previous year.

In contrast, according to the information according to 433 500 Applicant consultations of the job centers and agencies used – 39 400 less than in the same period of the previous year. 5.7 percent of the applicants were on 30. September still unsupplied – a slightly more favorable rate than last year. “But that cannot hide the fact that we cannot be satisfied with this year of training,” emphasized Scheele.

»Said Scheele. The young people looked for alternatives to dual training – for example in a longer school visit, a degree or in unskilled employment. Technical college training, for example for educators and geriatric nurses, would also be in competition with traditional apprenticeships. Millions dropped. These are 88.000 less than in September and 383. 000 less than in October last year, as the Federal Employment Agency announced. In the years 2018 and 2019 – i.e. before the pandemic – unemployment in October was only about 50. 000 decreased. The unemployment rate fell by 0.2 points to 5.2 percent in October. The Federal Agency has taken into account data material for its statistics up to 12. October.

The number of employees subject to social security contributions in Germany rose to a record level in October. With 33, 97 millions their number is higher than ever since reunification. The number of reported vacancies is higher than before the pandemic, said Scheele. This is proven by the high demand for workers, especially skilled workers.

“The shortage of skilled workers is still the brake on growth in Germany,” he said. One of the challenges for the new federal government will be to raise the domestic potential and to enable immigration from abroad in such a way that the problem of recognition, for example, of craft training acquired abroad can be solved.

“One thing is clear: the economic upswing can only succeed with the right skilled workers,” said employer president Rainer Dulger. “We employers are holding on to training with all our might.” Even in the second Corona year, there are significantly more training positions available than applicants. “We must do everything we can to promote the matching of supply and demand. A practice-oriented professional orientation is a must for this, ”emphasized Dulger.

Federal Labor Minister Hubertus Heil particularly recalled the problem of the long-term unemployed, whose number has increased significantly in the pandemic and is still beyond the limit of one million . The proportion of the long-term unemployed – i.e. people who have been without a job for more than twelve months – has increased during the pandemic since March 2020 from 30, 3 to 39, 4 percent increased, according to the labor market report Federal Agency.

DGB board member Anja Piel called for greater efforts in the fight against long-term unemployment. “The next coalition must tackle active labor market policies for those who find work particularly hard,” she said. Almost 60 percent of the rural unemployed do not have a professional qualification. Around 120.000 Unemployed people who have been out of work for more than ten months are threatened with long-term unemployment in the near future, said Piel. «They need more advice and support. Because with every month that people are unemployed for longer, it becomes more difficult for them to re-enter the labor market. “

Between the 1st and the 24. October had establishments for 93. 000 People registered for short-time work. How much of it is actually used will only be decided later. The latest actual consumption data is from August. This month the Federal Agency paid for 760. 000 People short-time work allowance. This is significantly less than at the height of the corona pandemic, when almost six million people in Germany were on short-time work.

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