Study: The energy transition requires a flexible electricity market

Released on 21.09. 2021

  • Wind turbines rotate in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Photo: Jens Büttner

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The share of green electricity should continue to increase for more climate protection. One study says: To do this, the electricity market must be reorganized. Consumers are also becoming more important for the network.

Hamburg / Bonn (dpa) – According to a study, if Germany wants to achieve its climate goals, it has to make significant gains in the energy transition.

Above all, the flexibility of the electricity market and participation of the citizens are very expandable, according to the comparative study of twelve European countries by the largest British trade association for renewable energies – the Association for Renewable Energy and Clean Technology (REA) – and the energy management company Eaton. According to the information, socio-political factors, market access as well as innovative strength and technological factors were examined. The result: While Finland, Norway and Sweden achieve top values, Germany only manages three out of five possible points.

Of all the countries examined, Germany has the largest electricity market and at the same time produces the largest amount of electricity from renewable energies. Nevertheless, due to the high demand, its share is only 21 percent of total electricity consumption – while Norway, for example, has more electricity from renewable energies produce as needed. To achieve the stated goal of 65 percent green electricity to 2030, according to the study, Germany would also have to 138 terawatt hours of electricity from solar and wind energy win, which corresponds to a growth rate of 85 percent.

To the To be able to create, Germany needs more flexibility on the electricity market. In particular, the citizens should be taken along. On the one hand, energy storage systems behind the meter, through which consumers can themselves become part of the electricity market, are becoming increasingly important. On the other hand, in the Federal Republic of Germany only 17 percent of the population had intelligent electricity meters, so-called smart meters. These in turn are essential for the monitoring and billing of solar roofs, for example. Not only the Scandinavian countries, but also Italy and Spain are significantly further along. It is even worse about the possibility of temporarily storing electricity in electric cars and feeding it back into the public grid if necessary.

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