Berlin (dpa) – With a view to the lack of skilled workers, the Federal Association of Medium-Sized Enterprises sees Germany’s competitiveness threatened Markus Jerger for the newspapers of the Funke media group. “This fundamentally jeopardizes the competitiveness of medium-sized companies and thus Germany as a location as a whole.” Rising freight rates and bottlenecks in intermediate products such as semiconductors are currently causing problems for the German economy.
«Need targeted immigration of skilled workers»
To combat the shortage of skilled workers, Jerger is calling for more immigration : “We need the targeted immigration of skilled workers, with the emphasis on skilled workers.” Many companies would have to reject orders due to a lack of qualified staff, said Jerger. It doesn’t look any better for the trainees. “There are more than 390 recognized apprenticeships in Germany, and almost all of them lack new trainees.”
The chairman of the Federal Employment Agency, Detlef Scheele , said the “Welt am Sonntag”: “A total of around 1.2 million workers, two thirds of them skilled workers, are currently being sought.” In about 70 professions there are already staff shortages at specialist level. At the end of August, Scheele said that Germany needed around 400. 000 immigrants per year to compensate for the increasing shortage of skilled workers.
Truck drivers, among others, are currently in great demand. «There are too few professional drivers in freight transport. That will slow down future economic upturns ”, it says in a report published on Saturday by the employer-related Institute of German Economy (IW) in Cologne on the shortage of truck drivers in Germany. While the shortage of skilled workers as a result of the pandemic-related economic slump among drivers went to zero at the beginning of the Corona crisis, the driver shortage returned with the economic recovery after the first lockdown. “In September 2021 there were already 6659 truck drivers missing in Germany – and the trend is rising sharply,” says the report.
Hardly any professional drivers 35
Above all, the youth situation is therefore critical. «In the year 2020 only 13, 6 percent of professional drivers in freight transport were under 35 Years old », they say. The average of all employees subject to social insurance contributions is 29, 3 percent.
There is also a lack of truck drivers in Great Britain – the massive shortage has caused considerable shortages in recent weeks Problems. A number of petrol stations were left on dry land because the fuel could not be transported to them. Supermarket shelves remained partially empty. Here, however, the Brexit worsened the situation: Many drivers from the EU returned to their home countries during the pandemic and will not be able to easily live and work in Great Britain again after Brexit. The government issued temporary visas to alleviate the situation and let the military help out. However, there is no real easing of the situation in sight.
According to a report on Sunday, a number of bus drivers in Great Britain are now deciding to switch to the truck steering wheel. The churn is due to the blatant shortage of truck drivers, which is causing wages to rise in the industry, said Bobby Morton of the union Unite, the broadcaster Sky News. Just like truck drivers, bus drivers would have long shifts and not enough toilets and sanitary facilities.
In addition to the bottlenecks for truck drivers, container prices and freight rates are currently increasing, as are the shortages of intermediate products such as semiconductors global supply chain problems. The foreign trade association BGA is still expecting strong export growth this year. “We got off to a very good start in the year and are therefore currently seeing no signs of accepting our forecast of nominal growth of 13 percent, despite a slowdown,” said the new President of the Federal Association Wholesale and foreign trade (BGA), Dirk Jandura, the German press agency. The export of goods would exceed the level before the Corona crisis.
Federal Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer (CSU) exchanged views with representatives of the relevant industries last week, such as the supply chains against the background of the current challenges can be stabilized, as the Federal Ministry of Transport tweeted on Sunday. There are currently global bottlenecks and disruptions in the supply chains. The situation in Germany is less critical, it said. “All logisticians say: There is no risk that the Christ Child will run out of gifts in December.”