Berlin (dpa) – Green electricity from wind, sun and other renewable energy sources has from January to September of this year 42, 7 percent of the Gross electricity consumption in Germany covered. That is significantly less than in the same period last year.
However, it is roughly at the level of the pre-Corona year 2019, according to preliminary calculations by the center for solar energy and hydrogen research Baden-Württemberg (ZSW) and the Federal Association of Energy and Water Management (BDEW). In the first nine months 2020 green electricity 47 had supplied 8 percent of consumption, 2019 were in this period 42, 9 percent.
The higher share of renewable energies in electricity consumption in the previous year was from an unusually windy first quarter 2020 and a significantly lower power consumption due to the Corona restrictions, the BDEW reported on Tuesday. In total, just under 178 billion kilowatt hours of green electricity were generated in the first three quarters 2021. In the same period last year it was still a good 191 billion kilowatt hours. At the same time, gross domestic electricity consumption rose from a good 400 to around 416 billion kilowatt hours.
Great influence of the weather
The influence of the weather on green electricity production is particularly evident in wind energy. Onshore wind turbines are the most important producers of green electricity. Your electricity yield has been around 63 billion kilowatt hours this year so far this year 16, 7 percent below the previous year’s figure. And also in the first nine months of the year 2019 the amount of wind power was higher. The chairman of the BDEW management board, Kerstin Andreae, therefore called for more speed in the expansion of onshore wind energy in view of the incipient formation of a government.
The construction of new wind turbines had stalled in recent years. 2020 only 420 systems on land were added in Germany. Thus 2020 was the second weakest expansion year since the introduction of the Renewable Energy Sources Act in the year 2000 – after 2019, a low point was. It looks better with photovoltaics. Their contribution to electricity generation is increasing continuously – from a good billion kilowatt hours 2019 to almost 46 Billions of kilowatt hours this year.
The relatively weak wind and the renewed increase in electricity consumption have led to more electricity being generated using coal. According to the BDEW figures, the share of brown and hard coal in electricity generation in Germany rose from around 22 percent to 27 Percent.
There are various options for determining the green electricity quota in Germany. Measured against the total amount of electricity generated in Germany, the share of green electricity in the first nine months 41 was 7 percent. The BDEW uses gross electricity consumption as a benchmark. Electricity exports to other countries are not taken into account. Here the green electricity quota 42 is 7 percent Electricity fed into the public grid. This does not include electricity that is generated and consumed by industrial companies themselves. On this basis, the Wiesbaden authority had a share of green electricity of 44 percent for the first half of the year 2021 (1st half of the year 2020: 51, 9 percent) determined.