Berlin (dpa) – The EEG surcharge for promoting green electricity will drop significantly in the coming year – but that does not mean an all-clear regarding the high electricity prices.
The surcharge is based on information from the Germans Press agency 2022 back to 3, 72 cents per kilowatt hour. A billion dollar grant from the federal government also contributes to this. However, the levy is only part of the electricity price. In the industry, it is expected that a falling EEG surcharge will stabilize electricity prices overall – but that they will not fall.
On the other hand, there are, for example, procurement costs that energy suppliers pay for electricity have increased significantly.
The operators of the large power grids want to announce the amount of the EEG surcharge for the coming year this Friday. Without the federal subsidies, the surcharge 2022 would be around 4 66 cents according to dpa information. 2021 it is 6.5 cents – but only thanks to federal subsidies. Otherwise it would have risen sharply.
According to the comparison portal Verivox, the average electricity price for households in October 2021 is 31, 38 cents per kilowatt hour and thus higher than ever before. Lowering the EEG surcharge to 3. 72 cents would lower the current average electricity price by around 11 percent. In a three-person household with an annual consumption of 4000 kilowatt hours, the relief would be around 132 euros.
«The reduction in the EEG However, the levy does not mean that the electricity prices for customers will automatically fall, ”said Thorsten Storck, energy expert at Verivox. Because at the same time the procurement costs of the electricity suppliers have risen significantly and there are also increases in the network usage fees. “We are therefore assuming that electricity prices will hold their current record level in the coming year or at least will not drop noticeably.” If there were no clear impulses from the new federal government such as the abolition of the EEG surcharge, German households would continue to pay the world’s highest electricity prices.
In order to relieve electricity customers, politics has long been over an abolition or reduction of the EEG surcharge is discussed. This is to be financed by increasing revenues from CO2 pricing in the transport and heating sectors. The future of the EEG surcharge and generally the increased energy prices are likely to play an important role in the negotiations on a new federal government – as well as the expansion of green electricity from wind and sun.
According to calculations by the comparison portal Check 24 the decreasing EEG surcharge relieves all private households in Germany by around 4.2 billion euros. However, there is a risk of increasing electricity prices due to rising network charges. The electricity exchange price is also at a record level.
There are several reasons for the EEG surcharge, which will decrease in the coming year. According to an analysis by the Agora Energiewende think tank, the high gas, coal and CO2 prices have led to a sharp rise in the price of electricity on the exchange. This means that far less money is needed from the EEG account to compensate for the differential costs of renewable energies – renewable energies generate higher revenues on the market and the necessary funding amounts are reduced. In addition, green electricity plants from the early years, which would have received comparatively high remuneration, have gradually reached the end of their 20 – year funding period since this year: ” The cost rucksack of the EEG is therefore getting smaller and smaller. ”
Agora also assumes that a decrease in the EEG surcharge 2022 will not be sufficient due to increased procurement prices and presumably slightly rising network charges in order to fully compensate for these opposing effects.