Hamburg (dpa) – From the point of view of a government commission, the electrification of road traffic must gain significant momentum in the coming years.
«Despite considerable technical advances, the transport sector has been able to reduce CO2 -Do not reduce emissions, ”said the final report of the National Platform for the Future of Mobility (NPM), which was presented on Wednesday. The volume of traffic is growing particularly in freight traffic. At the same time, climate targets would be tightened.
According to the expert panel, up to 2030 up to 14 million electric vehicles must be on the road in Germany in order to make a sufficient contribution to implement the climate targets in transport that were tightened in June. The previous planning horizon for the automotive industry would have been seven to ten million e-cars 2030. Against the background of the tightening of the fleet limit values prepared by the EU Commission and announcements by the manufacturers, however, a significantly higher level “is assumed to be realistic and may be necessary to achieve the climate targets” However, the German car fleet is still a long way off, even if the proportion of electric cars among new registrations is increasing. The automotive industry association VDA reiterated its warning that a nationwide charging infrastructure is necessary for the ramp-up of electromobility, “which gives people the confidence that they can charge anywhere.” Conversion of car traffic to focus one-sidedly on e-mobility. The committee recommends plug-in hybrids with electric drives and combustion engines as “pioneers” that could introduce customers to electric mobility.
The NPM was commissioned by the German government three years ago To submit proposals for climate neutrality in transport and for maintaining a competitive auto industry. Participants in the commission, which consisted of a total of 240 experts, criticized the fact that the conclusions on the whole were too heavy-handed. The final report also recommends that public transport by road and rail should become more attractive and flexible. Several associations, including the BUND and the German Association of Cities, criticized “the lack of will to noticeably reduce car traffic” and demanded that the next federal government give priority to walking and cycling as well as local and long-distance public transport. The chairwoman of the conference of transport ministers of the federal states, Bremen Senator Maike Schaefer (Greens), who was also involved in the platform, emphasized that the mobility transition needed more alternatives to car ownership.
Federal Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer rejected the criticism. 95 Percent of traffic-related CO2 emissions were attributable to road traffic. “That is exactly our topic, where do I get the fastest measure when it comes to achieving the climate targets, and that is simply the subject of the road, and the car is one of them.” VDA boss Hildegard Müller emphasized that cars are indispensable for many people, especially in rural areas. They are ready to use different means of transport, but they do not always find suitable offers. “There is still a lot of catching up to do here.”
Scheuer appealed to the auto industry to manufacture more parts in Germany. It would be the wrong message to motorists to advertise rewards for the purchase of e-vehicles, “but then end consumers would have to wait nine months for the product because various parts are not available”. In the industry there are always production stops because, for example, semiconductors are missing. Important suppliers are located in Asia. The CSU politician said: “I hope that the decisive factor is not only the global perspective of a manufacturer, but also what components absolutely have to remain in Germany in order to maintain the supply chains in Germany”.
NPM boss Henning Kagermann was optimistic that the climate-neutral conversion of traffic would ultimately create more jobs than it would destroy. The greatest challenge, however, is the qualification. “The difficulty is getting there because there are different jobs” and significantly more experts for digitization and services would be needed. “The question is: Will I get today’s employment team over to the new world?” For employment, too, it is important to be able to manufacture as many of the parts necessary for e-mobility as possible competitively in Germany.